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Vietnamese language

Vietnam language and words

Vietnam is a beautiful and fascinating country, with a rich culture and history, stunning landscapes, and delicious cuisine.

As a tourist, it's helpful to learn some basic Vietnamese phrases to enhance your travel experience and communicate with locals. Here are some of the most common words and sentences to know when traveling to Vietnam.

It's important to note that Vietnamese is a tonal language, so it's essential to pay attention to the different tones of each word. If you're struggling to pronounce the phrases correctly, don't hesitate to ask a local to help you out.
Vietnamese numbers on wall
Photo: Vietnam numbers and letters.
Learning a few basic phrases will go a long way in making your trip to Vietnam more enjoyable and memorable. Not only will it enhance your travel experience, but it will also show locals that you have a genuine interest in their culture and language. Happy travels!

Basic Vietnamese phrases

"Xin chào" (Sin chow) - Hello (formal)
"Chào bạn" (Chow ban) - Hello (informal)
"Tạm biệt" (Tahm byeht) - Goodbye
"Cám ơn" (Kahm uhn) - Thank you
"Không có gì" (Khom koh yi) - You're welcome
"Tôi không hiểu" (Toy kohng hew) - I don't understand
"Bạn nói tiếng Anh không?" (Ban noy tyeng Eng kohng?) - Do you speak English?
"Làm ơn" (Lahm uhn) - Please
"Xin lỗi" (Sin loy) - Excuse me/I'm sorry
"Bao nhiêu tiền?" (Bah-oh nyew tee-en?) - How much does it cost?
"Tôi muốn mua" (Toy mwohn moo-ah) - I want to buy
"Tôi muốn đi đến" (Toy mwohn dee den) - I want to go to
"Cho tôi hỏi" (Choh toy hoi) - Excuse me, may I ask?
"Tôi muốn đặt phòng" (Toy mwohn daht phohng) - I want to book a room.
"Có wifi không?" (Koh wifi kohng?) - Is there wifi?
"Có nhà vệ sinh không?" (Koh nyah vay seen kohng?) - Is there a restroom?
"Tôi muốn gọi taxi" (Toy mwohn goi taxi) - I want to call a taxi.
"Bảo vệ" (Bao vay) - Security
"Hướng dẫn" (Hwahng dan) - Guide
"Món này ngon" (Mohn nay ngohn) - This dish is delicious.
"Cửa hàng này bán gì?" (Kwah hang nay ban zee?) - What does this store sell?
"Xin vui lòng nói chậm hơn" (Sin vwee lohng noy cham hohn) - Please speak more slowly.
Vietnam Alphabet

Vietnamese grammar

The Vietnamese language is a fascinating subject to explore, especially when it comes to its grammar. The grammar of Vietnamese is unique and differs significantly from that of English and other European languages. In this article, we will dive deeper into some of the essential grammar rules of the Vietnamese language.

One of the first things to understand about Vietnamese grammar is that it follows a subject-verb-object (SVO) sentence structure, just like English. However, unlike English, Vietnamese sentences do not use articles (such as "a," "an," and "the"). Instead, the context of the sentence and word order indicate whether a noun is singular or plural.

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Another unique aspect of Vietnamese grammar is that it is tonal. This means that the meaning of a word can change depending on the tone used when pronouncing it. There are six different tones in Vietnamese: level, acute, grave, hook, tilde, and dot. For example, the word "ma" can mean "ghost," "rice seedling," "mother," "horse," or "tomb" depending on the tone used.

In addition to its tonal nature, Vietnamese grammar also has a complex system of verb conjugation. Verbs in Vietnamese are not conjugated based on the subject, as in English, but rather on the tense and aspect of the sentence. Vietnamese verbs have six different tenses: present, future, past, perfective, prospective, and progressive. To indicate the subject of the sentence, Vietnamese uses personal pronouns before the verb.

Another important aspect of Vietnamese grammar is its use of particles. Particles are small words that are added to the end of a sentence to indicate mood, emphasis, or other nuances of meaning. For example, the particle "đi" can be added to the end of a sentence to indicate that the speaker is leaving or going somewhere.

Finally, Vietnamese grammar also has a wide range of grammatical markers that indicate relationships between words in a sentence. These markers are essential for understanding the meaning of a sentence and often indicate the subject, object, or location of a sentence.

All in all the grammar of the Vietnamese language is complex and fascinating, with its unique tonal system, verb conjugation, particle usage, and grammatical markers. Learning the grammar of Vietnamese may seem daunting at first, but with practice and patience, anyone can master this beautiful language and unlock its many secrets.

Vietnamese numbers

Numbers are an integral part of any language, and Vietnamese is no exception. If you plan on visiting Vietnam, it's essential to learn the numbers in Vietnamese to communicate effectively.

Knowing how to count in Vietnamese will come in handy when shopping, bargaining, telling time, or even ordering food at a restaurant.

Learning the numbers in Vietnamese is essential when traveling to Vietnam. Take the time to practice pronouncing them correctly and you'll be able to navigate everyday situations with ease.

Whether you're shopping, bargaining, or just trying to tell the time, knowing the numbers in Vietnamese is a valuable skill that will help you communicate effectively in this beautiful country.

The numbers one to ten in Vietnamese are as follows:

1 - Một (pronounced "mawt")
2 - Hai (pronounced "high")
3 - Ba (pronounced "bah")
4 - Bốn (pronounced "bohn")
5 - Năm (pronounced "nam")
6 - Sáu (pronounced "sow")
7 - Bảy (pronounced "bah-ee")
8 - Tám (pronounced "tahm")
9 - Chín (pronounced "cheen")
10 - Mười (pronounced "moo-ee")

As you can see, Vietnamese numbers have unique pronunciations that can be a bit tricky for English speakers. It's crucial to pay attention to the tone and emphasis of each syllable when pronouncing Vietnamese numbers, as they can change the meaning of a word entirely.

When counting beyond ten, Vietnamese uses a combination of the numbers ten (mười) and one to nine. For instance, 11 is mười một (pronounced "moo-ee mawt"), and 12 is mười hai (pronounced "moo-ee high"), and so on.

It is worth noting that Vietnamese uses a different counting system for certain objects, such as pieces of paper or sheets of paper money. In this system, the numbers one and two are replaced with "một tờ" (pronounced "mawt toe") and "hai tờ" (pronounced "high toe"), respectively.
This system is used when counting pieces of paper or sheets of paper money, such as banknotes.
Learning the numbers in Vietnamese is not only useful for communication, but it's also a way to show respect for Vietnamese culture.
By taking the time to learn the language, you'll be able to connect with locals and make the most of your visit.
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